DNS Lookup - Desktop Tool
What is ‘DNS Lookup’?
The DNS (Domain Name System) lookup tool is another important feature for troubleshooting network problems. It is used to find the IP address of a particular domain name. To explain in more detail, the results of DNS Lookup will provide the IP addresses in the DNS records received from the named servers.
How does DNS Lookup work?
There are two types of DNS lookups:
- The forward DNS lookup
- The reverse DNS lookup.
Forward DNS Lookup:
The forward DNS lookup is most commonly used to find out the IP address of a specific domain.
DNS can be compared to a phone book where the IP address is provided as a domain name. For example: 18.104.22.168(IP address) is www.google.com (Domain name)
Steps for DNS resolution:
- A user opens the browser and enters the website name, e.g. www.google.com
- The device then sends that domain name as a DNS request to the user’s Internet Service Provider (ISP).
- ISP then determines if the domain name has an IP address allocated with that name. If not, the ISP forwards the request to other providers to locate the DNS record that contains the data.
- Once the record is found, the IP address of the domain is returned to the user. Now, the user’s computer can communicate with the server directly.
Reverse DNS Lookup:
In a reverse DNS lookup, it is the opposite of the forward DNS Look up. The steps are the same, but the only difference is that it starts with an IP address and returns with the domain name.
You may have seen this error on a website: “this webpage cannot be found”. This is due to the servers being busy or the web browser timing out. This means the DNS cannot find whether it is a domain name or an IP address.
Ok, so how can I use DNS Lookup?
To troubleshoot website connection problems, you can use DNS Look up to see if the website is working through its IP address, thus helping the user understand the website error is due to a domain error.
To use the DNS Lookup tool:
- On Fing Desktop, click on the Tools tabs
- Select DNS Lookup
- Once opened, you can enter either the following:
- Website name
- IP address
- Custom DNS address to run the DNS lookup against
- Select the devices which are on your local network from the dropdown list.
See below an example of a successful DNS lookup result:
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